Overcoming the Challenges of Implementing Standardized Metadata Practices in a Digital Repository

This is the first in our series of follow-up posts by Midwinter Lightning Talk presenters.


Many of you probably are or have worked with Metadata Librarians. So, what is it that a Metadata Librarian normally can do? (1) A Metadata Librarian normally can perform Authority control of entities, including personal and corporate names. (2) She or he can freely use controlled terms from the thesaurus and subject lists including FAST terms, as well as keywords. (3) She or he can freely add a field, delete a field, change a field label and adjust its mapping. (4) She or he can adopt Standard Controlled Vocabularies including Library of Congress linked data values. (5) She or he will follow certain cataloging or metadata guidelines such as those of Dublin Core, DACS, RDA or MODS. Ideally, she or he can add linked data URIs such as for personal and corporate names, places, or, can verify the linked data URIs added by the system.

However, in working with some repositories, trying to implement normal or standardized practices can be a challenge. For example, some repositories don’t provide the authority control option. Some use the name that the author enters for his/her account; they allow controlled names to be added as additional fields, but not indexed, not display under “browse by names.” Some repositories prefer keywords or their own taxonomy to subjects; they don’t display thesaurus terms or subjects as a facet, nor as a “browse by” option. Furthermore, catalogers may lose control of the fields; in some hosting solutions, a cataloger needs to make a request for any field changes to the vendor rep through a repository administrator. Another issue is that the harvesting, for example, to OCLC Digital Gateway can be inadequate.

You may wonder why all these changes. It looks like one reason is that the focus has switched from librarians to users; some repositories promote researchers’ assigning keywords to their own materials more than catalogers’ assigning subjects. Some repositories and libraries replaced traditional methods with other ways, for example, they have their own taxonomies; they also adopt research identifiers such as Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID); some libraries prefer institutional knowledge management names to LC authorized names. Essentially, some are designed more for authors, rather than catalogers or librarians. Also, we may have heard some folks say something like: Users don’t like library of congress subject terms, especially those with subdivisions. Authors don’t like controlled names etc. Are these more myth or fact? It’s worth considering. Today we will not address the various endeavors going on in the library community such as Bibframe led by the LC, but rather on the digital repository arena in general. Will metadata librarians and catalogers remain a strong stakeholder in the field of information description and access along with users, authors, vendors, information service or subject librarians?

For a Metadata Librarian, what are some of the responses to these challenges? The most important of all is probably working with other librarians including those from Digital Initiatives and Special Collections, and also subject librarians and authors. Some of the practical practices include: Establishing templates for different types of collections in the digital repository; Adding additional fields for controlled terms such as names besides the fields with uncontrolled or local values; Adding additional fields for linked data URIs; Duplicating or tweaking values for certain fields to get them harvested; Accepting author metadata, and keeping the option of metadata review open; and, making more requests to the vendor representative.

My final reflection would be the definition for “standardized Metadata Practices” changes over time and in the landscape of many systems and stakeholders; it is not quite clear whether a blend of more traditional practices and changed practices is a very good approach; are we gaining or losing anything by moving away from the traditional methods; and finally, it is beneficial when librarians work together and also with the vendors to make careful, practical and conscientious choices.

Slides are available at: connect.ala.org/files/2017MidWinter_Metadata_Deng.pptx.

Sai Deng, Metadata Librarian, University of Central Florida Libraries

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Coming Soon: More on Metadata Lightning Talks

Beginning next week, watch for posts written by our very own Metadata Lightning Talk presenters at ALA Midwinter.  They promise to be both interesting and informational!

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RDA Steering Committee Announces Special RDA Event

For those of you in the Chicago area, the RDA Steering Committee (RSC) is inviting catalogers and metadata librarians to a special one-day event “Reconstructing RDA in the LRM: Aggregations, Authorities, and Appellations” on Tuesday, May 16.  Visit http://www.rda-rsc.org/SpecialRDAevent for details, which the RSC expects to release soon.

“The impact of the IFLA LRM (Library Resource Model) and the ‘4-fold path’ on RDA will be discussed. In addition, latest news will be shared about the 3R Project (RDA Toolkit Restructure and Redesign Project) and NARDAC (North American RDA Community), the organization being developed as part of the new RDA governance structure.”  Additionally, the RSC will be seeking  input from catalogers about “(1) the treatment of aggregates, and (2) authority control in the world of linked data.”

For more information about the IFLA Library Reference Model, see this related RSC post at http://www.rda-rsc.org/ImplementationLRMinRDA.

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Have You Survived a Metadata Migration? Consider Speaking at the ALCTS Metadata Interest Group Program at ALA Annual 2017, “Metadata Migration: Managing Methods and Mayhem”!

System migrations are inevitable.  Migration can come in the form of moving data from one content management system to another, upgrading software, or switching from vendor-based solutions to open source. Since it is not a question of “if” a migration happens, but “when,” more training and skill development is needed to help library staff manage these changes.   Metadata migration can be made easier with project planning, developing workflows, and using specific tools and techniques. This program will explore best practices, tools, and case studies in metadata migration, with an emphasis on practical knowledge that can be applied for librarians dealing with their own metadata migration projects.

Please fill out the submission form by January 31st for full consideration:

http://bit.ly/2hksKo6

If you have any questions, feel free to contact Anna Neatrour (anna.neatrour@utah.edu) or Darnelle Melvin (melvin.372@osu.edu), ALCTS MIG Programming Co-Chairs.

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ALCTS Virtual Preconference 2017: Call for Proposals on the Topic of Diverse, Inclusive, and Equitable Metadata!

How are metadata creators developing methods to encourage the creation of metadata that represents diverse points of view? How does using sources of authority control such as LCSH contribute to misrepresentation of cultural heritage materials? Are our digital libraries equitable? This virtual program provides a venue for sharing ideas to promote cultural competencies and inclusivity in the metadata process.

Potential topics could include:

  • Strategies for evaluating inclusivity or exclusivity of metadata
  • Tools and educational resources for developing inclusive metadata
  • Strategies for working with diverse communities

If you have any questions, feel free to contact Anna Neatrour (anna.neatrour@utah.edu) or Darnelle Melvin (melvin.372@osu.edu), ALCTS MIG Programming Co-Chairs.

Please fill out the submission form with your proposal abstract by Tuesday, January 31, 2017:

http://bit.ly/2ggjj9p

The Virtual Preconference will take place the week of June 5th, with each session starting at 1:00 PM Central Time.

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LITA/ALCTS Linked Library Data Interest Group Meeting, ALA Midwinter 2017

Linked Data for Real

Please join us on Saturday, January 21, 2017, 8:30-10:00 AM, in the Georgia World Congress Center, B207 for three exciting presentations describing the use of linked data in current library projects. After the speaker presentations, the group will have an opportunity for questions and discussion.

Presentation Title: Linked Metadata for 3D-models: From Dublin Core to Europeana Data Model

Presenter: Xiying Mi, Metadata Librarian, University of South Florida Libraries
Presenter: Bonita Pollock, Metadata Librarian, University of South Florida Libraries

Abstract: The University of South Florida Libraries in conjunction with Lori Collins and Travis Doering, Co-Directors of the USF Libraries Digital Heritage and Humanities Collections, represent cultural heritage projects with embedded 3D-models harvested from Sketchfab. This talk discusses how the library stores, curates, and provides access to cultural heritage 3D-model collections. Our goals are to provide greater access to the digital collections by enhancing the metadata fields, to better facilitate the 3D visualization models for display and viewing, and to increase the ability to share our collections online through the use of a metadata schema compatible with linked data. We employ Dublin Core as our descriptive metadata schema and use the Europeana Data Model as the linked data structure. We chose the Europeana Data Model because it has a semantic web-based framework designed for cultural heritage objects, which supports linked data enabling our metadata to be more easily shared with other institutions. This project explores the possible ways of supporting 3D-model collections in a library context as well as providing the groundwork for linked open data. These efforts are supporting work being done by a new research unit in our library that works with 3D and digital heritage data collections, research, and dissemination.

Presentation Title: A Linked Data Metadata Scheme for Clothing Collections

Presenter: Maura Valentino, Metadata Librarian, Oregon State University Libraries and Press

Abstract: Digitization offers magnified views, and the history and stories that an object has to tell. Clothing has an important story to tell. In 2015, the OSU College of Business embarked on a project with OSU Libraries & Press to digitize and make available online an historic clothing collection. This collection focuses on design motifs and patterns, and also Euro-American apparel from the beginning of the 19th century to the late 20th century, and non-Western apparel from the 15th, 17th, and 18th centuries. As there was no metadata scheme for clothing within an existing namespace, Maura Valentino created a metadata scheme using elements from other schemes with existing namespaces, as well as original elements that were added to the Oregon Digital Opaque Namespace. These elements were combined to create a new linked data historic clothing metadata scheme.  This scheme is now available to other institutions to describe their clothing collections.

Presentation Title: Collaborative Linked Data Project for BIBFRAME 2.0 for Library Information Spotlight

Presenter: Amanda Xu, Metadata Analyst Librarian, University of Iowa Libraries

Abstract: Library linked data promises to meet libraries’ need for agility in content delivery and user engagement. This project chose BIBFRAME 2.0 to enable libraries to publish bibliographic resources in a way that Web understands, consume linked data to enrich the resources relevant to the libraries’ user communities, and visualize networks across collections.  Through collaboration with two project teams, consisting students and faculty from Indiana University and University of Iowa since April 2016, the project built proof-of-concept demo of BIBFRAME 2.0 modeling for work, instance, item, agent, topic, etc. from the local bibliographic records in Alma and external data sources, representing library Info spotlight of operas in Opera Planet, a linked list of opera books, videos, sound recordings, streaming media, etc. interwoven into user’s online experience using BIBFRAME 2.0, conversion tools, and novel visualization techniques. The presentation will cover what it takes to build the teams to develop the linked library data applications for content enhancement and visualization.

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Metadata Lightning Talks at the Metadata Interest Group Meeting, ALA Midwinter 2017

Attending the ALA Midwinter Meeting in Atlanta, GA?  Are you interested all things metadata?  Mark your calendars and attend our lightning talk session during the Metadata Interest Group Meeting on Sunday, January 22 from 8:30-10:00 in Georgia World Congress Center, room B204.  Following the lightning talks, a business meeting of the Metadata Interest Group will be held.  Presenters include:

Presentation Title: Automating XML remediation with Python’s lxml package and schematron

Presenter: Jeremy Bartczak – Metadata Librarian
Affiliation: University of Virginia

Abstract: The University of Virginia (UVa.) contributes thousands of digitized photographs to the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA). Plans are underway to submit additional objects from multiple legacy digital conversion projects. These projects were implemented in MODS over the course of several years. As local policies evolved, descriptive metadata practices differed across collections. The UVa. Library’s Metadata Analysis and Design team is now in the midst of a large-scale project to remediate this data. Thanks to detailed documentation online about the DPLA’s metadata application profile, and helpful analysis from DPLA staff, a strategy has been implemented to ensure consistent metadata display for UVa. content. Remediation is accomplished using the Python programming language’s lxml package and validated with a custom schematron file. This lightning talk will present some of the changes required for the remediation and review how lxml and schematron automated the process.

Presentation Title: Overcoming the Challenges of Implementing Standardized Metadata Practices in a Digital Repository

Presenter: Sai Deng – Metadata Librarian
Affiliation: University of Central Florida

Abstract: While implementing standards in cataloging digital collections is often a Metadata Librarian’s conscience or inner desire, sometimes it’s a challenge to do so if a system is not built to accommodate such standardized practices. This kind of dilemma is not uncommon in the metadata and digital repository arena. This presentation will address the various challenges in working with metadata in digital repositories such as, name authority control for authors, departments and colleges, type values selection, keywords and subject choices, whether to add linked data URIs to various fields in the records and data discrepancies in harvesting data into the OCLC’s Digital Collection Gateway. Sometimes trying to follow controlled vocabularies or standardized metadata practices seems to be at odds with what the system can accommodate or what many non-catalogers prefer. This presentation will discuss how the Metadata Librarian, Digital Initiatives people and other librarians work together to make careful, practical and conscientious choices.

Presentation Title: Using MarcEdit to retool existing MARC records of paper maps for use in an online geoportal

Presenter: Tim Kiser – Special Materials Catalog Librarian
Presenter: Nicole Smeltekop – Special Materials Catalog Librarian
Affiliation: Michigan State University

Abstract: The Michigan State University Libraries recently joined the Big Ten Academic Alliance Geoportal, a consortial online discovery tool for maps and geographic data. Contributing our scanned paper maps to the geoportal required submission of metadata suitable for the generation of ISO 19115-compliant records. To accomplish this, we devised a workflow using MarcEdit to convert our existing MARC records for paper maps to MARC records for digital maps — which could then be delivered to the geoportal as MARCXML records. This lightning talk will outline our considerations for the project and the steps taken to accomplish it.

Presentation Title: Metadata Migration to Leverage Linked Data in an Institutional Repository

Presenter: Brian Luna Lucero – Digital Repository Coordinator
Affiliation: Columbia University

Abstract: This talk will present the project of migrating records to a new cataloging tool for Academic Commons, Columbia’s institutional repository, with an emphasis on metadata modeling for the new application and transformation of the subjects for all records from the ProQuest vocabulary to FAST.

Over the last year, Columbia University Libraries has supported development of a new cataloging tool, codenamed Hyacinth, for digital collections in order to unify the workflows of several departments and ease the demands for maintenance of multiple platforms. Hyacinth also provides an upgrade over older tools by operating on Hydra architecture and incorporating linked data at its core. Creating one tool that suits the cataloging needs of different departments and projects presented its own technical challenges, however.

Hyacinth serializes records in MODS XML, but was designed to be scheme-agnostic. Achieving this aim required input from metadata experts familiar with the various projects and materials that would be handled by Hyacinth. Normalizing labels for names, genres, academic units, and subjects across numerous projects and departments also presented a challenge. This led to the creation of a URI service that is integral to Hyacinth. The URI service can pull information from external authorities as well as mint local URIs for entities not identified elsewhere.

The migration of Academic Commons records also required a transformation of subjects for approximately 20,000 records to the FAST vocabulary in order to capitalize on Hyacinth’s linked data architecture. We used OpenRefine and a mapping table to replace ProQuest subjects with equivalent FAST terms and add FAST URIs to the records. We also piloted text matching processes to see if any can automatically suggest FAST subjects that match keywords in abstracts. These experiments have produced mixed results.

Presentation Title: Metadata Librarian’s Little Helper: OpenRefine Reconciliation Services

Presenter: Greer Martin – Discovery & Metadata Librarian
Affiliation: Illinois Institute of Technology

Abstract: OpenRefine has many vocabulary reconciliation options, not only with Library of Congress Authorities and VIAF, but also with homegrown data such as a local authority file. With unruly legacy metadata, reconciliation was a major chapter in the story of our records migration to ArchivesSpace. Taking a systematic approach to our vocabulary reconciliation and using OpenRefine’s reconciliation services allowed non-catalogers to assist in this crucial stage of metadata cleanup. This lightning talk will explain how two OpenRefine reconciliation services were incorporated into our migration workflow, with special attention paid to Reconcile-csv, which resolves to a CSV file.

Presentation Title: Git a Grip: Using GitHub to Manage your Metadata Application Profile

Presenter: Anne WashingtonMetadata Librarian
Affiliation: University of Houston

Abstract: Local Metadata Application Profiles and input guidelines are always evolving. GitHub provides a simple way to manage metadata documentation with the added benefit of versioning. This allows metadata specialists to see changes in practice over time. Learn how University of Houston Libraries is using GitHub to create and manage their Metadata Application Profile.

About the Metadata Interest Group

The ALCTS Metadata Interest Group provides a broad framework for information exchange on current research developments, tools, and activities affecting networked information resources and metadata; coordinates and actively participate in the development and review of standards concerning networked resources and metadata in conjunction with the divisions’ committees and sections, other units within ALA, and relevant outside agencies; and develops programs and fosters and sponsors education and training opportunities that contribute to and enhance an understanding of networked resources and metadata, their identity, content, technology, access, control, and use; and to plan and monitor activities using the association’s strategic and tactical plan as a framework.

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Call for Interest Group Officers

The ALCTS Metadata Interest Group has the following offices open for election:

  • Vice-Chair/Chair Elect (Vice-Chair 2016-2017, Chair 2017-2018)
  • Program Co-Chair
  • Blog Coordinator
  • Secretary – Effective immediately to finish out current secretary’s term (through ALA Annual 2017)

Terms are two years and begin following ALA Annual 2016. Officers must be able to commit to attending both ALA Midwinter and ALA Annual during their terms.

Elections will be held during the Metadata Interest Group meeting on Sunday, June 26th, 8:30 am to 10:00 am, Orange County Convention Center, Room W102A.

Anyone interested in standing for election to one of these offices is invited to get in touch with Ayla Stein (astein@illinois.edu) and/or Mike Bolam (mrbst20@pitt.edu) prior to ALA if you have any questions or wish to announce your intent to run in advance. Anyone can be added to the ballot at the meeting itself also.

Best,

Ayla Stein
Chair, ALCTS Metadata Interest Group
Assistant Professor, Metadata Librarian
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

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ALCTS Virtual Pre-Conference Announced

June 7 and 8, the Association for Library Collections and Technical Services (ALCTS) will host a virtual preconference that will bring the conference experience to you.  We Can Do It, You Can Too! Metadata Automation For Everyone is a two-day virtual preconference that consists of two 90-minute sessions on automating descriptive metadata creation and automating legacy data cleanup projects. Registration is open, so sign up early to make sure you get a spot.  Sponsored by : Metadata Interest Group.  Co-sponsored by: ALCTS Technical Services Managers in Academic Libraries Interest Group, ALCTS Creative Ideas in Technical Services Interest Group, and the ALCTS Technical Services Workflow Efficiency Interest Group.

As the pressure mounts to “digitize all the things!,” the need to upload new digital material quickly, efficiently and accurately while maintaining established standards for discovery and interoperability becomes essential.   This virtual preconference, which takes place June 7-8, will explore methods for meeting these expectations including leveraging existing archival data, batch processing, vocabulary reconciliation and other techniques.

Session 1

Automating Descriptive Metadata Creation: Tools and Workflows

Tuesday, June 7, 1 – 2:30 p.m. Central, 2 – 3:30 p.m. Eastern, noon – 1:30 p.m. Mountain, 11 a.m. – 12:30 p.m. Pacific

Topics and Presenters:

  • (New) Migrating ETDs from Dublin Core to MODS: Automated Processes for Metadata Enhancement
    • Presented by Annie Glerum, Head of Complex Cataloging, Florida State University Libraries and Dominique Bortmas, Metadata Librarian, University of Southern Florida Libraries
  • Finding a New Metadata M.O. : Metadata Automation on a Budget at a Medium-Sized Institution
    • Presented by Joseph R. Nicholson, Metadata Librarian at University of North Carolina-Charlotte

Session 2

Automating Legacy Data Cleanup Projects

Wednesday, June 8, 1 – 2:30 p.m. Central, 2 – 3:30 p.m. Eastern, noon – 1:30 p.m. Mountain, 11 a.m. – 12:30 p.m. Pacific

Topics and Presenters:

  • Editing Legacy Metadata for ETDs: Description of a Best Practice Using the MARCEdit Plug-In Tool
    • Presented by Marielle Veve, Metadata Librarian at University of North Florida
  • Looking Back, Moving Forward: A Large-Scale Metadata Remediation Effort
    • Presented by Maggie Dickson, Metadata Architect at Duke University

For more information about what will be presented, visit the ALCTS Conference web site.

Registration Fees

Individual Registration
ALCTS member or international member: $69 entire pre-conference; $43 for one session
Non-member: $95 entire pre-conference; $59 for one session
Group Registration (Group of people that will watch the webinar together from one access point)
ALCTS member (group leader): $159 entire pre-conference; $99 for one session
Non-member (group leader): $206 entire pre-conference; $129 for one session
The sessions are recorded and the one-time registration fee includes unlimited access to the session recording.

How to Register

To register for the entire virtual preconference or one session, complete the online registration form.
For questions about registration, contact ALA Registration at 1-800-545-2433 and press 5 or email registration@ala.org.
For all other questions or comments related to this virtual preconference and other ALCTS webinars, contact Julie Reese, ALCTS Continuing Education and Program Manager, at 1-800-545-2433, ext. 5034 or jreese@ala.org.

ALCTS is the national association for information providers who work in collections and technical services, such as acquisitions, cataloging, collection development, preservation and continuing resources in digital and print formats. ALCTS is a division of the American Library Association.

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Join the discussion @ ALA Annual: ‘Diverse and inclusive metadata: Developing cultural competencies in descriptive practices’

The ALCTS Metadata Interest Group (MIG) will be hosting two programs on “Diverse and inclusive metadata: Developing cultural competencies in descriptive practices” during the 2016 ALA Annual Meeting in Orlando, Florida in June.

This event will include two sessions on diversity in metadata-related topics, one to take place on Saturday, June 25th from 10:30 to 11:30 and another to take place during the regular business meeting of the ALCTS Metadata Interest Group, on Sunday, June 26th at 8:30 am.

More information about each presentation, including the presenter and specific presentation topics, can be found below.

*****************************************************

Program Details:

Saturday, June 25, 10:30am

ALCTS sponsored program

  1. Presentation Title: Impacts and Limitations of Culturally Responsive Subject Headings in Tribal College Libraries

Presenter: Hannah Buckland, Leech Lake Tribal College

Abstract: At tribal college libraries, prejudice embedded in controlled subject vocabularies impedes students’ access to library materials.  The Eurocentric terminology and viewpoint underpinning Library of Congress Subject Headings, for example, often exclude tribes which have not been federally recognized, favor anglicized generalization over local precision, and treat concepts as mutually exclusive entities rather than overlapping, interrelated pieces, as is more consistent with Native worldview.  Culture directly molds classification; while no classification system is free of cultural bias, mass-adopted classification systems like LCSH are troubling in that they fail to reflect the full spectrum of diversity, both of the collection and of library users.

At the Bezhigoogahbow Library—a joint-use academic/community library serving both students of Leech Lake Tribal College LLTC and residents of the Leech Lake Reservation in northern Minnesota—locally assigned, culturally responsive subject headings improve access to LLTC-owned materials.  Strategies for developing this metadata will be discussed.  Despite local successes, however, library staff have observed students familiar with the specialized vocabulary of the Bezhigoogahbow Library’s online catalog struggle when conducting subject searches in the consortial catalog and databases where LCSH remain the norm.  While inclusive metadata may originate on a local level, implementation on a larger scale remains necessary.

  1. PresentationTitle: Hidden Stories, Inclusive Perspectives: Describing Photographs of Jewish Refugees in Shanghai

Presenter(s): Rachel Wen-Paloutzian, Loyola Marymount University

Abstract: When a collection of over 600 photographs and negatives was discovered in the backlog of Loyola Marymount University LMU Library’s Department of Archives and Special Collections, there were moments of surprise, intrigue, and fascination. While information about the collection is limited, the pictures have presumably been taken by Werner von Bolternstern, a photographer and avid postcard collector, who donated the collection among many others to LMU. The Werner von Bolternstern Shanghai Photograph and negative Collection offers rare visual records and remarkable documentation of life in Shanghai, China, from 1937 to 1949. Besides Shanghai urban landscapes, historical architecture, and street scenes, the photographs offer a unique glimpse into the community of Jewish refugees living in Shanghai at the time, including social life, businesses, community events, and government documents of Jewish refugees who fled the Holocaust.

Through contemplating various strategies for developing accurate and inclusive metadata, this presentation will discuss the research and creation process of descriptive metadata for the Werner von Bolternstern Shanghai Photograph and Negative Collection. It will highlight ethical and political questions in terms of how to appropriately describe the photographs and how to create sensible description out of uncertainty. As the presentation will evaluate controlled vocabularies and subject headings, especially for images of people who might or might not be Jewish refugees, it illustrates the importance of metadata in historical identification and narratives. Part of the research for metadata creation is to understand the historical and social context of these images, not making a conclusion but opening the door to more meaningful conversation on this topic. Further, this presentation will explore two strategies to ensure inclusiveness and enhance description: the strategy of crowdsourcing with the community of Jewish refugees who lived in Shanghai during the 1930s and 1940s, as well as the strategy of maintaining a balance between description and interpretation in order to sensitively represent diverse communities from different perspectives. Perhaps the most important strategy for increasing cultural inclusiveness of metadata is to be open and flexible, as we treat metadata as dynamic living narration of stories and perspectives.

Sunday, June 26th, 8:30am

ALCTS Metadata Interest Group Business Meeting

  1. Presentation Title: Digital Library North: Engaging with communities to develop culturally appropriate-and-aware metadata

Presenter: Sharon Farnel, University of Alberta

Abstract: Digital Library North https://www.ualberta.ca/~dln/is a four year collaboration between researchers at the University of Alberta Edmonton, Canada), staff at the Inuvialuit Cultural Resource Centre Inuvik, Canada), and communities within the Inuvialuit Settlement Region ISRNorthwest Territories, Canadato develop a digital library infrastructure to support access to cultural resources. A key objective of the project is to work with the communities to develop a culturally appropriate metadata framework for resource description and discovery.

We are seeking to define and develop a culturally appropriate metadata framework through multiple parallel processes: a) investigation and critical examination of the scholarly literature around cultural approaches to metadata, b) examination and assessment of the characteristics of the proposed content of the digital library, c) close collaboration with community members to understand the metadata elements important to meeting their information needs, and d) design of metadata based on information seeking behaviours of community members.

In this session, we will a report on early investigations into the literature of culturally relevant metadata, b) discuss the results of early engagement – interviews, surveys, information audits – with the communities and assessment of sample digital library content, c) describe how this influenced the initial metadata design and application to sample materials, d) and discuss the processes for taking the design and application to the communities for testing and feedback.

  1. Presentation Title: Creating Inclusive and Discoverable Metadata: Practices at Fresno State

Presenter: Tiewei Liu, California State University, Fresno

Abstract: Today, it is very important that academic libraries make efforts to increase cultural inclusiveness and cross-cultural discoverability in their metadata services. This presentation introduces such efforts to be made in the new institutional repository services at the Henry Madden Library of the California State University, Fresno, a highly diverse campus with a lot of faculty and students with international background.

In this presentation, the speaker will share the experiences and best practices in creating inclusive and discoverable metadata in Fresno State’s institutional repository hosted by DSpace. This collaborative project involves faculty and students to join in metadata creation and implementing authority control. The presenter will also share the conceptualization for this process. Attendees will learn concepts and methods applicable to metadata creation and management in other settings as well.

Posted in ALA Annual 2016 | 4 Comments